Resources for a Biblical Worldview

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Section: KeywordsControversial TopicsComplex TopicsConnecting the DotsDifferentiationsCloser LooksRevelationAll Book SummaryExtensions


Extended History of the Bible
(See Answers in Genesis for a graphical depiction of the timeline of the Bible.)

4000  Creation (GE 1-2)
2400  Global flood (GE 6-9)
1500  Israelites exodus from Egypt (EX 5-14)
1100  Kings David & Solomon
600  Exile to Babylon for 70 years (DA)
0 BC  Jesus' birth (BC = Before Christ) (LK 1-2)
33 AD  Jesus' death & resurrection (AD = Anno Domini, which is Latin for "in the year of the Lord") (MT 26-28, MK 14-16, LK 22-24, JN 18-20)
300  Septuagint (Greek translation of the Old Testament) (,
313  Emperor Constantine I begins the "Peace of the Church" (term from the Old Catholic Encyclopedia describing the Roman empire's move from persecution to toleration and eventual adoption of Christianity) (,
325  The Nicene Creed was agreed upon at the First Council of Nicea (
380  Emperor Theodosius I declares Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire and orders other religions to be called heretical (
397  Final cannon of the protestant New Testament decided at the third Synod (Council) of Carthage (ref 1, 2)
476  Western half of the Roman Empire disintegrates when the last emperor is deposed and not replaced (Eastern half remains as the Byzantine Empire until 1460) (
590  Vulgate published (Latin translation) (
900  Masoretic Text (Hebrew version of the Old Testament used as reference when translating some Bibles) (
1054  Catholic church splits (Roman/Latin and Eastern/Greek Orthodoxy) (
1095  The Crusades begin and last almost two centuries (
1205  Chapters added to original texts by Stephen Langton, a professor in Paris who later became Archbishop of Canterbury (Fuller Seminary)
1382  John Wycliffe is credited to the first English translation of the Bible, though many other partial translations preceded (
1448  Verses added to Old Testament by Rabbi Isaac Nathan (,
1517  Martin Luther's letter on the door (the 95 theses) and "knock heard round the world," sparking the protestant reformation (
1526  William Tyndale's translation of the New Testament is first version to be mass produced by the printing press. (
1551  Verses added to New Testament by Robert Estienne, a Parisian book printer (Fuller Seminary,
1560  The Geneva Bible printed, the first "study bible," the first to use all the verse numbers, and the translation that was used by pilgrams a half century later (
1611  King James Version translation published (
1620  The European pilgrimage to the new world begins with the Plymouth Colony settlers (
1947  Dead Sea Scrolls found (1,800 year old copies of the books of GE, EX, LEV, DT, JDG, SA, EZR, PS, ISA and other non canonical books:
1948  Israel declares independence after the United Nations approves the recreation of the Jewish state (
1978  New International Version translation published (second edition published in 1984) (,
1996  New Living Translation published (second edition published in 2004) (,

Certainly the original text is best, but how many of us can read Hebrew, Greek or Aramaic? Not many, so we are stuck with translations. Here is what I have found to be the high level difference between some of the more common translations we will find in a random Christian bookstore today.
Abbreviation   Full Name Publisher/Copyright Translation Intent

NIV New International Version   International Bible Society Clarity, literary quality, readability in style and international in scope. Scholars from five English speaking countries contributed.
NLT New Living Translation   Tyndale Charitable Trust "Dynamic equivalence" (thought by thought basis, not necessarily word by word) Based on Kenneth Taylor's Living Bible, first published in 1971, also by Tyndale House.
KJV King James Version   Public Domain   In 1604, King James I authorized a new translation of the Bible for official use by the Church of England. This avoids paraphrasing.
NKJV New King James Version   Thomas Nelson, Inc. Updates the language of its predecessor.
NASB New American Standard Bible   The Lockman Foundation "To adhere as closely as possible to the original languages of the Holy Scriptures, and to make the translation in a fluent and readable style according to current English usage." (From the forward.)
RSV Revised Standard Version   National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA  Thirty scholars sought to express the meaning of the scriptures in language meant for use in worship, with emphasis on the style that gave "the KJV a supreme place in English literature."
MSG The Message   NavPress Publishing Group A paraphrase by Eugene Peterson designed as a reading Bible that can give us a fresh perspective on a familiar phrase or passage.

Apocrypha:   books of the Bible that are included in the Vulgate and Septuagint versions of the Catholic Bible, but not in the Protestant Bible or the Hebrew canon, technically referred to as "deuterocanon" (try an Internet search for "why does the Catholic Bible have" for some interesting reads)
Apostasy:   turning away from, typically with criticism, our former religion
Apologetics:   proving the truth of Christianity
Begotten:   (past tense of beget) to cause to exist/be born (in biological context this refers to the father, not mother)
Believe:   to act as if it is true
Bethany:   house of bread (especially interesting as birthplace of the "bread of life")
Blaspheme:   disrespecting God or sacred things
Boredom:   lack of purpose, not lack of activity
Canon:   the foundational, definitive and authentic scriptures of a religion
Catacomb:   an underground cemetery with passages, tunnels and rooms
Catechesis:   oral religious instruction given before baptism or confirmation
Courage:   absence of self, not absence of fear
Covenant:   a formal/legal agreement/contract
Culture:   the norms and traditions that characterize a group of people and are passed from generation to generation non-genetically
Decalogue:   the ten commandments
Deuteronomy:   Greek for "repetition of the law"
Dogma:   religious belief
Dogmatic:   prone to expressing strongly held beliefs and opinions
Dogmatist:   somebody who expresses strongly held opinions, sometimes new, expecting them to be accepted without question
Doxology:   a hymn of praise to God
Echelon:   a level in a hierarchy or a tiered formation
Eschatology:   a doctrine about death and the afterlife
Ethereal:   belonging to the heavens or the celestial sphere
Ethics:   application of morals in a business environment
Etymology:   the origin and historical development of a word, expression, or other linguistic element
Euphemism:   an non-offensive replacement for an offensive expression
Exegetics:   theological study & interpretation of scripture
Faith:   believing that what God says is true
Fornication:   consenting sex but not married
Hermeneutics:   a science/methodology/theology of interpreting and explaining texts, especially religious texts/concepts, especially the Bible
Holy:   set apart
Hyperbole:   deliberate and obvious exaggeration used for effect
Indignant:   anger/annoyance at unfairness/unreasonableness
Interlude:   a relatively short period of time between two longer periods, during which something happens that is different from what happened before and what will follow
Love:   (when we love someone we care about what they care about, and it's always demonstrated by commitment)
Malachi:   Hebrew for "messenger" and is not necessarily (but still possibly) a name
Maturity:   the speed at which we're willing to do what we know we're supposed to do
Masochist:   tendency to invite and enjoy misery of any kind, especially in order to be pitied by others or admired for forbearance
Metaphor:   a figure of speech where a description is applied to something but is not literally applicable in order to highlight a comparison
Miracle:   an event that appears to be contradictory to the laws of nature, totally amazing and extraodinary
Moral:   what is good/just/right or wrong based on conscience
Ontology:   the study of being in general, or of what applies neutrally to everything that is real (the science of being)
Narcissist:   excessive self-admiration/self-centeredness and the need for the same from others
Proselyte:   gentile believer (convert to Judaism)
Proselytize:   to convert someone to our belief
Purgatory:   a spiritual holding ground before we get to heaven (assuming we aren't going to hell)
Sacred:   dedicated/devoted to God or a religious purpose and not to be disrespected
Sacrosanct:   extremely sacred, above & beyond criticism or change
Sin:   doing wrong (either knowingly or unknowingly) typically as informed by God (note by definition all sin is wrong regardless of current cultural norms)
Sovereign:   self-governing, having complete power
Sup:   to drink small amounts at one time
Superstition:   an improper connection between cause and effect
Syncretism:   combining different belief systems that are contradictory or even opposing each other
Tithe:   literally means "tenth" in Hebrew
Testament:   something that shows that another thing exists/is true, or a formal statement of beliefs
Theocracy:   a form of government where God (or a deity) is the supreme civil ruler
Unity:   ability to work together despite differences, not to be confused with uniformity
Visceral:   motivated by instinct rather than reasoned thinking
Witness:   to make Jesus real

  • Adam is the name of the first man, who was formed out of the ground, and his name comes from the Hebrew word 'Adamah', which means 'ground'. In ancient times it was common for peoples' names to reflect the situation of their birth. (GE 2:7, GE 3:20, GE 25:25-26,27:36, GE 26:20-22, GE 29:32-30:24, GE 41:51-52, EX 2:10, EX 18:2-4)
  • Marriage is not explicitly defined but divorce is. (Marriage is implied in GE 2:18-24.)
  • The label Hebrew means people from Hebron (GE 13:18,37:14)
  • First & second Kings were originally one book but were split so they'd fit on two normal sized scrolls.
  • There's a second Goliath in 2SA 21:19.
  • The last 2 verses in 2 Chronicles are also first 3 verses in Ezra (2CH 36:22-EZ 1:3).
  • Nehemiah is an excellent model leader, especially his dedication to prayer.
  • The word "God" is not found in the books of Esther nor Song of Solomon.
  • The term "Jew" is first found in the book of Esther, and starting here the term "Hebrew" is not used again except in Pauline letters or as a language (rather than a people).
  • Job is found after Ester in the canon but likely takes place chronologically in the middle of Genesis.
  • Joel does not name the sin he is appealing to the people to repent of.
  • Nahum is Jonah part 2.
  • Jonah, Nahum and Obadiah are prophets to the gentiles.
  • Haggai is a contemporary (same time & place) as Ezra.

  • There is a 450 year gap between the last book of the Old Testament and the first book of the New. Keep in mind the USA wrote their Declaration of Independence less than 250 year ago.
  • The Old Testament makes up 88% of the Bible (based on chapter count.)
  • The Old Testament makes up 97% of the Bible (based on years covered.) Keep this in mind when comparing God's supposed personality differences between the two testaments (love vs wrath, etc.)
  • There are 68 references to synagogues in the New Testament (NIV) but none in the Old.
  • Jude mentions 2 events from Old Testament times not mentioned in the canonical Old Testament (JUDE 1:9, 1:14-15).

  • Matthew is the only gospel to use the word 'church' or phrase 'kingdom of heaven', the other 3 use 'kingdom of God'.
  • James & Jude (Judas) could be Jesus' brothers (MT 13:55, MK 6:3).
  • The temple tax was only for men 20 or older (EX 38:26) but Jesus only tells Peter to get two people worth of tax money (MT 17:24-27) some disciples lived long after Jesus so perhaps most of them were only teenagers! This would make MT 4:18-22 make much more sense.
  • Stephen is the first recorded martyr for the sake of Christ (AC 7:59-60)
  • Antioch is the first place to use the word "christian" (AC 11:26)
  • The fourth commandment is the only one not explicitly repeated in the new testament?
  • All Paul's letters are followup except Romans.
  • All Paul's letters include an expression of gratitude in the introduction except Galatians.
  • The order of how Paul's letters appear in the Canon was decided as by length (longest to shortest).
Shortest verses: JOB 3:2, LK 20:30, JN 11:35, 1TH 5:16, 1TH 5:17 (2 words each, NIV 2011)
Shortest chapter: PS 117 (2 verses)
Shortest books: 2JN (13 verses), 3JN (14/15 verses), OB (21 verses in OT)
Longest verses: DA 5:23 (74 words, NIV), ES 8:9 (72 words, NIV)
Longest chapter: PS 119 (176 verses), (runner up?)
Longest book: PS
Chapters with over 99 verses:   ?

Biblical location

Modern location


Genesis(map all)
  BeershebaBe'er Sheva, Israel.
  Bethel Beit El, Israel (wikipedia)
  BethlehemBethlehem, Israel .
  Damascus Damascus, Syria .
  Dan Dan, Israel .
  Edom Eilat, Israel (just a guess)
  Haran Harran, Turkey .
  Hebron Hebron, Israel .
  JerusalemJerusalem, Israel .
  Mahanaim Mahanayim, Israel .
  Negev, the Negev, Israel .
  Paran Paran, Israel .
  Shechem Nablus, Israel (wikipedia)
  Ur Ur, Iraq .
  Zoar Feifa, Jordan (just a guess from map on wikipedia)
Gospels(map all)
  Aenon Aenon, Israel .
  Bethany Bethabara, Israel (John 1:23, wikipedia)
  Bethany Eizariya, Israel (All other references, wikipedia)
  Bethlehem Bethlehem, Israel .
  Caesarea Caesarea, Israel .
  Cana Cana, Israel .
  Capernaum Capernaum, Israel .
  Jericho Jericho, Israel .
  Gethsemane, Garden of  Church of Gethsemane, Israel (across the street)
  Jerusalem Jerusalem, Israel .
  Lydda Lod, Israel (wikipedia)
  Magadan Magdala, Israel (wikipedia)
  Olives, Mount of Mt of Olives, Israel .
  Nain Nein, Israel (just a guess)
  Nazareth Nazareth, Israel .
  Samaria Samaria, Israel (unclear)
  Galilee, Sea of Sea of Galilee, Tiberias, Israel  .
  Sidon Saida, Lebanon (wikipedia)
  Tyre Sour, Lebanon (wikipedia)
Acts(map Paul's 1st, Paul's 2nd, Paul's 3rd or Paul's trip to Rome)
  Adramyttium Edremit, Turkey (A: Greek, E: Turkish)
  Adria, Sea of Adriatic Sea (just a guess)
  Alexandria Alexandria, Egypt .
  Amphipolis Amfipoli, Greece .
  Antioch of PisidiaAntiocheia in Psidia, Turkey(wikipedia, near Yalvac, Turkey)
  Antioch of Syria Antakya, Turkey (wikipedia)
  Apollonia Apollonia, Greece .
  Assos Assos, Turkey (wikipedia, A: greek name, Aristotle lived here)
  Athens Athina, Greece .
  Attalia Antalya, Turkey (wikipedia)
  Berea Veria, Greece (wikipedia)
  Caesarea Caesarea, Israel .
  Cauda Gavdos, Greece (wikipedia)
  Cenchrea Kechries, Corinth, Greece .
  Cilicia (politically defined region) (wikipedia)
  Cnidus Datca, Turkey (wikipedia)
  Corinth Korinthos, Greece .
  Cos, Island of Kos Island, Greece .
  Crete Crete, Greece .
  Cyprus, Island of Cyprus .
  Damascus Damascus, Syria .
  Derbe Madensehri, Turkey (wikipedia)
  Ephesus Efes, Turkey .
  Galatia (politically defined region) (not Galatia, Ptolemaida, Greece)
  Iconium Konya, Turkey (wikipedia)
  Jerusalem Jerusalem, Israel .
  Joppa Jaffa, Tel Aviv, Israel (just a guess)
  Lasea Kokkinos Pyrgos, Crete (just a guess)
  Lystra Gokyurt, Turkey (wikipedia)
  Kios, Island of Chios Island, Greece .
  Macedonia Central Macedonia, Greece (politically defined region)
  Malta, Island of Malta Island, Malta .
  Mitylene Mitylene Island, Greece .
  Miletus Batikoy, Turkey (approximation, wikipedia)
  Myra Demra, Myra, Turkey (home of original St. Nick, wikipedia)
  Mysia (politically defined region) (wikipedia)
  Pamphylia (politically defined region) (wikipedia)
  Paphos Paphos, Cyprus (south west corner of island)
  Patara Patara, Turkey .
  Perga Perge, Turkey (only ruins left)
  Philippi Filippi, Greece .
  Phoenicia (politically defined region) (wikipedia)
  Phrygia (politically defined region) (wikipedia)
  Pisidia (politically defined region) (wikipedia)
  Ptolemais Acre, Israel (wikipedia)
  Puteloi Pozzuoli, Italy (wikipedia, Pu: Latin, Po: Italian)
  Rhegium Reggio di Calabria, Italy (wikipedia)
  Rhodes Rodos, Greece (just a guess)
  Rome Roma, Italy .
  Salamis Famagusta, Cyprus (wikipedia, ruins are immediately north)
  Salmone, Cape of Cape Sidero, Greece (wikipedia)
  Samaria Samaria, Israel (unclear)
  Samos, Island of Samos Island, Greece .
  Samothrace, Island of Samothraki, Greece (just a guess)
  Seleucia Seleucia Pieria, Turkey (unclear)
  Sidon Saida, Lebanon (wikipedia)
  Syracuse Siracusa, Italy (just a guess)
  Syria (politicially defined region) (wikipedia)
  Tarsus Tarsus, Turkey .
  Thessalonica Thessaloniki, Greece .
  Troas Canakkale, Turkey (approximation, wikipedia)
  Tyre Sour, Lebanon (wikipedia)
Revelation(map all)
  . .
  . some day... .
  . .

(I am only listing the Biblical locations that still seem to be on the map today, thanks to Google. My friend's brother made and someone else did something similar with Google here and here. For actual ancient maps we could visit Google links: reverse address finder & address to coordinate converter.)

External Links
Biblically Correct Tours - One man's recommendations on how to tour secular museums etc. and reinforce a Biblical Worldview.
Biblical Research Reports - Someone else's version of a Biblical Worldview webpage (theirs is a whole site though)
BreakPoint - A ministry of Prison Fellowship out of Washington DC.
Christian Answers - Providing biblical answers to contemporary questions for all ages and nationalities. - The Bible has answers, they provide them for us
Project Biblical Worldview - A resource of Northwest Christian Academy in Miami, Florida.
Nehemiah Institute - PEERS (politics, economics, education, religion & social issues) worldview testing. This is basically the most popular form of Christian standardized test, not designed to see how much we know but what we believe.
Sonic Light - A free in-depth Bible commentary.
Summit Ministries - A Biblical worldview training organization (sample).
Timeline of the Bible
Worldview Academy - Two week camps around the country each summer

Last Modified: Wednesday, October 05, 2016